Accessing Tkinter Object from Frame in Python

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will master the art of accessing objects defined in a Tkinter application from frames within the application. By understanding the parent-child relationships of Tkinter widgets, you will be able to seamlessly navigate through the widget hierarchy.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

When developing Tkinter applications, it’s common to have multiple frames that form different sections of the user interface. However, there arises a need to access objects defined in one part of the application, such as the main window, from another part like a frame. This task can be daunting if we lack knowledge on how to reference these objects accurately.

To tackle this challenge effectively, we can exploit the hierarchical structure of Tkinter widgets. By grasping how parent-child relationships function in Tkinter, we can effortlessly traverse through the widget hierarchy and access objects defined at higher levels from within nested frames.


import tkinter as tk

class MyApp(tk.Tk):
    def __init__(self):

        self.label = tk.Label(self, text="Hello, World!")

        self.frame = tk.Frame(self)

        # Accessing label from inside the frame
        label_from_frame = self.winfo_children()[0]

# Copyright PHD


In Tkinter, each widget maintains a parent-child relationship. Widgets created within another container become children of that container. To access these child widgets from their parent or any other ancestor widget, utilize methods like winfo_children(). This method allows you to retrieve all immediate children under a specific parent widget.

By comprehending how widgets are structured hierarchically in Tkinter applications and employing methods like winfo_children(), you can adeptly navigate through these structures and effortlessly access objects defined at higher levels.

    How can I identify if one widget is a child of another?

    You can determine if one widget is a child of another by invoking .winfo_parent() on the potential child widget. If it returns None, then it’s not a child; otherwise, it will return its parent.

    Can I directly call attributes/methods on widgets in other parts of my application?

    No, direct calls to attributes/methods on widgets located in other parts without proper referencing are not feasible due to encapsulation. You require correct references or traversal techniques based on your application structure.

    Is there any limit on nesting frames/widgets for accessing them?

    Tkinter does not impose strict limits on nesting frames; however, excessive nesting may complicate your codebase and make maintenance more challenging.


    Understanding how widgets are organized hierarchically within your Tkinter application is pivotal for seamless communication between different components. By leveraging methods like winfo_children(), you can efficiently access objects defined at various levels within your GUI setup.

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