Converting XML to JSON in Python with Separate Schema

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to convert XML data into JSON format using a separated schema approach. By following the steps outlined here, you will be able to efficiently parse XML content, map it to a custom schema, and convert it into a structured JSON output.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When dealing with XML and JSON data formats, the need often arises to convert between them for compatibility reasons. In this scenario, we encounter XML data that requires conversion into JSON format while maintaining a distinct schema for the conversion process. To address this challenge, we leverage Python libraries that provide functionalities for parsing XML data and transforming it into JSON.

To accomplish this task effectively: 1. Parse the XML data using a suitable Python library. 2. Map the parsed data into a custom schema structure. 3. Convert the mapped data into a JSON format that aligns with the defined schema.

By following these steps, you can seamlessly convert XML to JSON with a separate schema in Python.


# Importing necessary libraries
import xmltodict
import json

# Sample XML data (replace with your own)
xml_data = '''
        <name>John Doe</name>

# Parsing the XML input
parsed_data = xmltodict.parse(xml_data)

# Custom Schema Mapping (adjust keys as needed)
schema_mapping = {
    "Name": parsed_data["root"]["person"]["name"],
    "Age": int(parsed_data["root"]["person"]["age"])

# Converting mapped data to JSON
json_output = json.dumps(schema_mapping, indent=4)


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# Copyright PHD


In this code snippet: – We import xmltodict and json libraries for parsing and converting purposes. – The sample XML data is provided within triple quotes. – The xmltodict.parse() method is used to parse the XML content into a dictionary-like structure. – A custom mapping is created based on our desired schema from the parsed data. – Finally, json.dumps() converts our custom mapping into formatted JSON output.

    How can I install the required xmltodict library?

    You can install it using pip:

    pip install xmltodict
    # Copyright PHD

    Can I customize the schema mapping according to my requirements?

    Yes, you can modify the keys in schema_mapping dictionary as per your needs.

    Is there any specific structure my input XML should follow?

    The parsing logic may vary based on your specific XML structure; however, simple adjustments can be made accordingly.

    Will complex nested structures in XML pose challenges during conversion?

    Handling nested structures might require additional logic but can be managed effectively within Python’s capabilities.

    Can I convert large-sized files using this approach efficiently?

    For large files or datasets, consider optimizing memory usage when implementing such conversions.


    In conclusion, converting XML to JSON with a separate schema in Python involves correctly parsing the source file and structuring its content according to a predefined scheme before transforming it into well-formatted JSON output. By understanding these concepts and following best practices outlined in this tutorial, users can efficiently handle such transformations in their projects with ease.

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