Enabling Mypy to Check Multiple Import Paths

What will you learn?

In this detailed guide, you will learn how to configure the powerful mypy tool in Python to effectively check objects across multiple import paths. By setting up mypy to handle various import paths, you can significantly improve the quality of your code through enhanced type checking.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

When dealing with extensive Python projects that involve numerous packages or modules spread across different directories, it becomes essential to assist static analysis tools like mypy in locating definitions and imports accurately. Without proper configuration, mypy may struggle to identify all the necessary objects for thorough type checking.

The solution lies in configuring mypy to recognize and utilize all relevant import paths effectively. This can be achieved either through command-line options or by creating a dedicated configuration file for mypy. By doing so, we equip mypy with the ability to conduct comprehensive analysis even when dependencies are distributed across diverse locations.


To address the challenge of mypy checking multiple import paths, consider implementing the following methods:

Command-Line Option

mypy --namespace-packages --explicit-package-bases --package-root src1 --package-root src2 your_script.py

# Copyright PHD

Configuration File (mypy.ini)

namespace_packages = True
explicit_package_bases = True
mypy_path = src1:src2

# Copyright PHD

Remember to replace src1 and src2 with the actual directory names where your packages/modules are located.


Utilizing either the command-line option or configuration file approach enables you to guide mypy in locating objects across various import paths efficiently. Here’s a breakdown of each method:

  • namespace_packages: Informs mypy about the existence of namespace packages within specified directories.
  • explicit_package_bases: Specifies that package roots are explicitly defined rather than inferred.
  • mypy_path: Indicates additional directories (separated by colon) for module search similar to PYTHONPATH.

By employing these strategies, you empower mypy to accurately resolve imports during its type checks, ensuring thorough coverage over different components within your project.

  1. How do I install mypy?

  2. To install mypy, simply run:

  3. pip install mypy
  4. # Copyright PHD
  5. Can I exclude certain files from being checked by mypy?

  6. Yes, you can exclude specific files from being checked by using:

  7. mypy . --exclude 'file_to_exclude.py'
  8. # Copyright PHD
  9. What does “error: Cannot find implementation or library stub” mean in mypy?

  10. This error typically indicates missing typings or stubs for imported modules/packages. Consider installing type stubs via typeshed or creating custom ones as needed.

  11. Does MyPy support checking dynamic typing?

  12. While primarily focused on static typing, MyPy offers partial support for dynamic aspects through plugins and configurations tailored for Python codebases.

  13. What’s “strict mode” in MyPy?

  14. Enabling strict mode with –strict activates all optional checks, making MyPy more rigorous but potentially highlighting additional issues requiring attention before meeting MyPy standards.

  15. Can I integrate MyPyp into CI/CD pipelines?

  16. Certainly! Many teams seamlessly integrate MyPy into their CI/CD pipelines as part of automated testing suites.


Effectively configuring Mypy is crucial when dealing with complex projects featuring scattered dependencies. This ensures meticulous type checks, elevating code reliability and facilitating easier maintenance. Empower yourself as a developer by crafting well-typed Python solutions confidently with Mypy!

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