Exporting Data to Excel in Python

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will master the art of exporting data to an Excel file using Python. You will explore the challenges faced during this process and discover a simple yet effective solution using Pandas and either OpenPyXL or XlsxWriter libraries.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

Exporting data to an Excel file is a common necessity in Python projects, especially those involving data analysis or reporting. The main hurdle often involves selecting the right library and method for the task, along with configuring it correctly to suit your specific data structure and formatting requirements.

To address this challenge, we will delve into leveraging Pandas, a robust Python library for data manipulation, in conjunction with either OpenPyXL or XlsxWriter to efficiently export DataFrame objects into well-formatted Excel files. Our solution focuses on creating a versatile script that can be easily tailored for diverse datasets and needs.


import pandas as pd

# Sample DataFrame
data = {'Name': ['John Doe', 'Jane Smith'], 'Age': [28, 34], 'Occupation': ['Engineer', 'Doctor']}
df = pd.DataFrame(data)

# Specify filename
filename = "exported_data.xlsx"

# Using XlsxWriter as the engine
with pd.ExcelWriter(filename, engine='xlsxwriter') as writer:

# Copyright PHD


In this solution: – We import the pandas library for dataset handling. – A sample DataFrame df is created from a dictionary object. – An output filename “exported_data.xlsx” is defined. – Using pd.ExcelWriter, we set the file name and choose ‘xlsxwriter’ as our backend engine. – By calling .to_excel(writer), we write our DataFrame directly into an Excel file.

This approach offers efficiency and flexibility, allowing further customization of exported files by utilizing features of XlsxWriter or OpenPyXL such as cell formatting.

  1. What libraries are available for working with Excel files in Python?

    1. Pandas: Ideal for numerical tables and time series.
    2. OpenPyXL: Focuses on Excel 2010+ (.xlsx) files.
    3. XlsxWriter: Enables writing text, numbers, formulas, and hyperlinks in .xlsx files.
    4. xlrd/xlwt: Older libraries primarily used for reading from (.xls) / writing respectively.
  2. How do I install Pandas and XlsxWriter?

  3. To install both libraries, run:

  4. pip install pandas xlsxwriter
  5. # Copyright PHD
  6. Can I format cells using Pandas?

  7. While not directly supported by Pandas alone, you can achieve cell formatting by selecting engines like XlsxWriter or OpenPyXL which offer extensive formatting options.

  8. Is it possible to export multiple DataFrames into one Excel sheet?

  9. There’s no direct method within Pandas; however, you can position them on different areas of the same worksheet using engines like XlsxWriter by accessing workbook objects through writer’s underlying workbook attribute.

  10. How do I automatically set column widths?

  11. Neither Pandas nor XlsxWriter adjust column widths based on content size automatically due to performance reasons. You can programmatically set widths using XlsxWriter�s worksheet methods after analyzing content lengths manually.

  12. Can I include charts in my exported excel file?

  13. Yes! Utilize XlsxWriter�s chart functionality post exporting DataFrames to dynamically create charts based on your data inside the generated excel file.


Exporting data from Python to well-formatted Excel files doesn’t have to be daunting. With tools like Pandas paired with either OpenPyXL or XLSX Writer engines at your disposal, basic exports become seamless while advanced customizations are within reach. This tutorial equips you with skills essential for generating tailored reports effortlessly across various business contexts. Embrace the versatility of Python ecosystem for smooth transitions from raw analytical outputs to professional-grade deliverables catering effectively towards diverse project demands.

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