Filtering DateTime in Qdrant with Python

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to effectively filter datetime objects using the Qdrant Python SDK. By understanding the nuances of working with datetime data and leveraging the capabilities of Qdrant, you will be able to craft precise queries for datetime filtering.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

Qdrant is a robust vector database that offers powerful filtering options for efficient data querying. However, handling datetime objects within this environment can pose challenges due to their unique nature. The goal here is to simplify the process of filtering based on datetime criteria in QDRANT using Python.

To address this challenge effectively, we will focus on ensuring proper formatting and indexing of datetime objects in Qdrant. By utilizing the Python SDK provided by Qdrant, we can construct queries that accurately filter datetimes based on specific requirements. This involves converting datetimes into a format (such as UNIX timestamps) that aligns with Qdrant’s querying capabilities.


from qdrant_client import QdrantClient
from qdrant_client.http.models import Filter, Range

# Assuming `client` is your authenticated instance of `QdrantClient`
def filter_by_datetime_range(collection_name: str, start_datetime: int, end_datetime: int):
    Filters documents within a collection by a range of datetimes.

        collection_name (str): The name of the collection.
        start_datetime (int): The start datetime as an integer timestamp.
        end_datetime (int): The end datetime as an integer timestamp.
    date_filter = Filter(

    result =
        limit=10  # Adjust as needed

    return result

# Example usage:
# filter_by_datetime_range("your_collection", 1609459200, 1612137600)

# Copyright PHD


In the provided code snippet:

  • We define a function filter_by_datetime_range that filters documents within a collection based on a range of datetimes expressed as UNIX timestamps.
  • A date_filter is created using Filter and Range from qdrant_client.http.models to specify conditions for datetime filtering.
  • The search operation is performed on the specified collection with the date filter applied through, allowing for efficient retrieval of relevant documents.

This approach streamlines the process of querying documents based on associated datetimes within the QDRANT environment.

    1. How do I convert my dates into UNIX timestamps? You can utilize Python’s built-in modules like datetime or external libraries such as pendulum.

    2. Is it possible to specify time zones when filtering by dates? Yes! Convert your datetimes into UTC before transforming them into UNIX timestamps for consistency across different time zones.

    3. Can I apply additional filters alongside my date range? Absolutely! Additional filters can be included within your search query under conditions apart from those specified under “must”.

    4. What if my data doesn’t have timestamps but rather structured date strings? Preprocess these strings into numeric values like timestamps or structure them for direct comparison within queries.

    5. Do I always have to use integers for representing dates in queries? While using integers simplifies processes significantly, other representations can be used based on schema setup.

    6. Can I adjust how many results are returned when filtering? Yes! Modify the ‘limit’ parameter in method according to your requirements.

    7. Are there performance implications when querying large ranges of dates? There might be performance considerations; ensure appropriate field indexing for efficiency during retrieval operations involving wide date ranges.

    8. Does this method support querying across multiple collections simultaneously? Each search operation targets a single specific collection; parallel searches may be executed across multiple collections if needed.

    9. Can I order/sort queried documents by their date? Sorting mechanisms can be applied post-query execution depending on user-defined logic/criteria.

    10. What happens if no documents match given criteria? An empty list is returned indicating zero matches found.


Filtering DateTime objects in databases like QRDrants demands meticulous preparation and conversion steps to ensure accuracy and performance when dealing with temporal data efficiently. By leveraging tools offered via respective SDKs, such as Python’s SDK in this case, developers gain control over retrieving relevant information precisely based on varying timely constraints while enhancing user experience significantly and maintaining high data integrity throughout computational tasks.

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