Handling Multiple File Uploads in Flask

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will master the art of handling multiple file uploads in Flask. You’ll delve into the process of efficiently processing form data containing multiple files with ease and reliability.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When working on web applications, managing file uploads is a common necessity. However, dealing with multiple files uploaded through a single form-data POST request can be challenging due to potential errors and inconsistencies. To address this issue effectively, we will implement a robust solution using Python’s Flask framework.

The key to our approach lies in leveraging Flask’s request.files object. This feature grants us access to uploaded files from a client-side form. By iterating over these files, we ensure each one is handled accurately and consistently. This method not only simplifies the code but also enhances its reliability when processing multiple file uploads.


from flask import Flask, request

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/upload', methods=['POST'])
def upload_files():
    uploaded_files = request.files.getlist("file")
    for file in uploaded_files:
        # Process each file here
        filename = secure_filename(file.filename)
        # Save or use the file as needed
    return "Files Uploaded Successfully", 200

if __name__ == '__main__':

# Copyright PHD


Here is a breakdown of the provided code snippet:

  1. Flask Setup: Import necessary modules – Flask and request.
  2. Route Creation: Define a route /upload that listens for POST requests.
  3. Accessing Uploaded Files: Retrieve all uploaded files using request.files.getlist(“file”).
  4. Iterating Over Files: Loop through each uploaded file for individual processing.
  5. Secure Filename: Sanitize filenames using secure_filename() before any further actions.
  6. File Processing: Perform operations like saving or additional processing as required.
  7. Response Return: Send a success message upon successful upload and processing.

This method ensures meticulous handling of every uploaded file, granting developers control over their processing logic tailored to individual files.

  1. What is Flask?

  2. Flask is a lightweight web framework in Python designed for rapid web development.

  3. How do I install Flask?

  4. You can install Flask via pip install flask.

  5. What does request.files.getlist() do?

  6. It retrieves all files associated with the specified input field name as a list for easy iteration.

  7. Do I need extra libraries for uploads?

  8. For basic operations shown above, no additional libraries are necessary apart from standard Flask; however, utilities like secure_filename from Werkzeug are recommended for security while saving files.

  9. Can I limit upload size?

  10. Yes, set maximum upload limits using configuration values like �MAX_CONTENT_LENGTH� within your application settings.

  11. How do I handle CSRF protection during uploads?

  12. Flask-WTF extension provides CSRF protection mechanisms safeguarding forms including those involving Uploads against cross-site forgery attempts ensuring enhanced application security.


Mastering efficient handling of multiple file uploads is crucial for seamless web application development. The implementation outlined in this tutorial using Python’s powerful Flask framework equips developers with the skills to manage complex form submissions effortlessly and reliably. Embrace these techniques to elevate your capabilities in web development!

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