How Can We Use Selenium’s Headless Mode in Python

What will you learn?

In this comprehensive guide, you will master the art of utilizing Selenium’s headless mode in Python for tasks like web scraping and automated testing. By understanding how to set up and operate scripts without a graphical user interface, you’ll enhance your efficiency and resource management.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

In scenarios where executing scripts without a graphical user interface (GUI) is essential, Selenium’s headless mode becomes invaluable. By running browsers in headless mode, unnecessary loading of web page graphical elements is eliminated, resulting in faster test execution.

To harness the power of Selenium’s headless mode in Python, we need to configure our WebDriver to function without launching a browser window. This approach not only boosts productivity but also optimizes system resources, making automation tasks more effective and streamlined.


from selenium import webdriver
from import Options

# Configure ChromeOptions
options = Options()
options.headless = True

# Initialize the WebDriver with options
driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=options)

# Your target URL

# Example action: print out the webpage title

# Don't forget to close the driver!

# Copyright PHD


The code snippet above showcases how to utilize Selenium WebDriver in headless mode with Chrome:

  • Import Necessary Modules: Import webdriver from selenium and Options from
  • Configure Chrome Options: Create an instance of Options() and set headless attribute to True.
  • Initialize WebDriver: Initialize the Chrome driver with the configured options.
  • Perform Actions: Navigate pages (driver.get(“”)) or interact with webpage elements.
  • Clean Up: Always call driver.quit() at script end to close sessions and free resources.

This method empowers users by enabling them to conduct tests or scrape data efficiently without a physical display environment.

  1. How do I install Selenium for use with Python?

  2. You can install Selenium using pip:

  3. pip install selenium 
  4. # Copyright PHD
  5. Which other browsers support headless mode?

  6. Firefox among others supports headless mode through similar configurations.

  7. Can I take screenshots using headless mode?

  8. Yes, you can save screenshots:

  9. driver.save_screenshot('screenshot.png') 
  10. # Copyright PHD
  11. Is there a performance difference between normal versus headless modes?

  12. Typically yes; headless mode tends to be faster due to lack of GUI overhead.

  13. Can I set custom window sizes in headless mode?

  14. Certainly:

  15. options.add_argument('--window-size=1920x1080') 
  16. # Copyright PHD
  17. How do I handle file downloads in headless mode?

  18. Configure download preferences through browser options before initializing your driver.

  19. Will JavaScript be executed normally in Headlesss Mode?

  20. Yes; JavaScript runs as it would on any standard browser setup.

  21. Are there limitations when using Headlesss Mode for testing purposes?

  22. Some interactions may differ slightly due to lack of visual feedback, but overall works well for automated tests.


By leveraging Selenium’s headlesss model, developers and testers can seamlessly automate their workflows without relying on a graphical interface. Whether executing intricate web scraping tasks or automating test suites across diverse environments, embracing this feature enhances processes by making them leaner and potentially faster.

Leave a Comment