How to Create a UserProfile in Django When Encountering a ‘RelatedObjectDoesNotExist’ Error

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will dive into resolving the ‘RelatedObjectDoesNotExist: User has no userprofile’ error in Django. By understanding Django’s model relationships and utilizing signals, you will create a UserProfile model linked correctly to the built-in User model. This process not only fixes the current issue but also enhances your comprehension of database relationships within Django.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

When working with Django, encountering the ‘RelatedObjectDoesNotExist: User has no userprofile’ error signifies an incomplete setup of the related UserProfile for a User. To address this, we will establish a One-to-One relationship between the User model and a custom UserProfile model. This tutorial guides you through rectifying this error by creating and associating user profiles effectively.


from django.db import models
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from django.db.models.signals import post_save
from django.dispatch import receiver

class UserProfile(models.Model):
    user = models.OneToOneField(User, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    bio = models.TextField(max_length=500, blank=True)

@receiver(post_save, sender=User)
def create_or_update_user_profile(sender, instance, created, **kwargs):
    if created:

# Copyright PHD


Here’s a breakdown of the solution:

  • Defining the UserProfile Model: Extending the default User model by creating a custom UserProfile model with additional fields like ‘bio’, establishing a One-to-One relationship.

  • Creating Signals for Automatic Profile Creation: Utilizing signals such as post_save, ensures automatic creation of a corresponding UserProfile whenever a new user is saved.

  • Using Receivers to Listen for Signals: The receiver listens for signals from the User model and triggers custom functions like creating or updating user profiles accordingly.

    1. How do I add more fields to my UserProfile? You can simply define additional fields within your UserProfile class similar to any other Django model.

    2. Can I use signals with other models? Yes! Signals can be employed with various operations on models beyond just user creation.

    3. What does CASCADE mean in OneToOneField? CASCADE implies that if the linked User object is deleted, its associated UserProfile will also be removed automatically.

    4. Do I need to manually link existing Users with their profiles after making these changes? No manual linking is required; migrations post these adjustments ensure automatic profile creation for future users.

    5. How can I access newly added fields in templates? Access added fields using dot notation like {{ }} within templates.

    6. Is there an alternative method besides signals for automatic profile creation? While signals are recommended for simplicity and decoupling code, overriding save methods or middleware could be alternatives albeit with potential complexities.

    7. What happens if attempting to access a non-existent field within a template? Does it raise exceptions similar to Python code outside templates context? Django templates gracefully handle such cases by rendering nothing instead of raising exceptions as seen in regular Python code execution.

    8. What should be considered before extending default models? Prioritize thoughtful data storage decisions regarding relations and avoiding unnecessary duplication to maintain database normalization standards efficiently.

    9. Can objects be queried directly without going through related models first? Yes! Direct queries like .objects.all() work effectively when proper back references via foreign keys are established.

    10. How secure is data stored in extended models? Data security relies heavily on overall application architecture; leveraging features from Django’s contrib auth app ensures robust security practices especially concerning password management and hashing techniques provided by the framework itself.


By following the outlined steps in this tutorial, you have not only resolved the ‘RelatedObjectDoesNotExist: User has no userProfile’ error but also gained valuable insights into Django’s underlying mechanisms and its capabilities as a powerful web development tool. Remembering to implement such functionalities mindfully and staying updated with industry trends through documentation are key practices for continual growth and proficiency in web development.

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