How to Filter Nested Data Using Python jsonpath_ng

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to efficiently filter nested data using the jsonpath_ng library in Python.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When dealing with JSON data, it’s common to encounter nested structures that require specific filtering. The jsonpath_ng library offers a robust solution for querying and extracting data from JSON structures based on path expressions. By utilizing this library, we can effectively filter out specific elements within nested data.


from jsonpath_ng import jsonpath, parse

# Sample JSON data with nested structure
data = {
    "name": "John",
    "age": 30,
    "address": {
        "city": "New York",
        "zipcode": 10001
    "pets": [
        {"name": "Buddy", "species": "Dog"},
        {"name": "Whiskers", "species": "Cat"}

# Define the JSON path expression for filtering nested data
json_path_expr = parse("$")

# Apply the path expression to extract filtered data
filtered_data = [match.value for match in json_path_expr.find(data)]


# Copyright PHD


  • Importing Necessary Libraries: Importing required modules from jsonpath_ng.
  • Sample Data: Defining a sample JSON structure with nested elements.
  • JSON Path Expression: Creating a path expression using parse function to specify the element’s path for filtering.
  • Filtering Data: Extracting and filtering desired information efficiently by applying the path expression on sample data.
    How do I install the jsonpath_ng library?

    To install jsonpath_ng, you can use pip:

    pip install jsonpath-ng
    # Copyright PHD

    Can I use wildcards in JSON path expressions?

    Yes, wildcards such as *, ?, or [] can be used in JSON path expressions to match multiple elements.

    Is jsonpath_ng compatible with Python 3.x?

    Yes, jsonpath_ng is compatible with both Python 2.x and 3.x versions.

    Can I filter deeply nested structures using this approach?

    Absolutely! jsonpath_ng can handle complex nesting structures effectively.

    How do I access array elements within my JSON structure?

    Specify array indices (starting from zero) in your JSON path expressions to access specific array elements.


    Mastering techniques like filtering nested data using tools like enhances your ability to work effectively with complex structured datasets. Understanding these concepts opens up possibilities for efficient manipulation of hierarchical information through intuitive querying methods.

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