How to Fix “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘win32api'” Error When Creating an Executable File with PyInstaller in Python

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to effectively resolve the “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘win32api'” error that arises when generating an executable file using PyInstaller in Python.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

Encountering the “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘win32api'” error post creating an executable with PyInstaller indicates a missing essential module (such as win32api) in the runtime environment. To address this issue, it is crucial to ensure all required dependencies are included during the PyInstaller bundling process for seamless execution of the executable.

To tackle this problem efficiently, we need to adjust our PyInstaller configuration settings to incorporate additional modules or packages that our Python script relies on. By configuring PyInstaller accurately, we can bundle all necessary dependencies into the generated executable, thereby avoiding import errors related to absent modules like win32api.


# Ensure win32api module is included in PyInstaller bundle
# Add hidden-import flag for win32api in your spec file or command line

# For spec file:

# Or on the command line:

# Visit []( for more detailed guides on resolving import errors.

# Copyright PHD


When utilizing PyInstaller to create standalone executables from Python scripts, certain modules like win32api may not be directly imported but dynamically loaded at runtime. By specifying these modules as hidden imports either in your spec file or through command-line arguments, you instruct PyInstaller to include them in the bundled package. This ensures all essential modules are available during execution of the generated executable, preventing import errors like “ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘win32api’.”

    1. How do I identify which module is causing a “ModuleNotFoundError”?

      • The error message typically mentions the missing module. In this case, it’s ‘win32api’. You can also review your code for any external libraries or dependencies that might not be included during packaging.
    2. Can I manually add multiple modules as hidden imports?

      • Yes, you can specify multiple hidden imports by providing a comma-separated list of modules either in your spec file or via command-line arguments.
    3. Do I need administrative privileges to install additional packages for resolving import errors?

      • Depending on your system configuration, you may require administrative privileges (sudo/root access) to install certain packages globally. Using virtual environments can help manage package installations without admin rights.
    4. Is it possible for a single hidden import statement to resolve multiple import errors?

      • Yes, including one primary missing module as a hidden import can sometimes resolve subsequent import errors caused by interdependencies.
    5. What should I do if adding a hidden import does not fix my import error?

      • Ensure correct spelling of the module name and check for alternative names used within your codebase. Verify if there are any version-specific requirements for certain modules.

Resolving “ModuleNotFoundError” issues while creating executables with PyInstaller involves identifying missing dependencies like ‘win32api’ and explicitly including them using hidden import flags during packaging. Understanding how PyInstaller manages dependency resolution and implementing proper configuration settings ensures smooth execution of bundled applications without encountering ImportError messages related to absent modules.

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