How to Implement a Scrollbar for a Tkinter Window with Buttons

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to incorporate a scrollbar into a Tkinter window that contains multiple buttons. This implementation ensures all buttons remain visible and clickable, even when the window size is limited.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When working with numerous widgets like buttons in a Tkinter window, it’s common for the entire content to be inaccessible due to space limitations. To address this issue effectively, we can introduce a scrollbar that allows users to scroll through the content effortlessly. By integrating a scrollbar alongside our button widgets, we guarantee that all buttons are easily accessible within the window frame.

To achieve this functionality in Tkinter, we will utilize a Canvas widget as the container for both the buttons and scrollbar. By configuring the Canvas widget and associating it with a Scrollbar, we enable seamless scrolling within our application.


import tkinter as tk

root = tk.Tk()
root.title("Scrollable Button Frame")

# Create Canvas
canvas = tk.Canvas(root)

# Add Scrollbar
scrollbar = tk.Scrollbar(root, command=canvas.yview)
scrollbar.pack(side=tk.RIGHT, fill='y')

# Create Frame inside Canvas for Buttons
frame = tk.Frame(canvas)
canvas.create_window((0, 0), window=frame, anchor='nw')

# Insert Buttons into Frame (example of 20 buttons)
for i in range(20):
    btn_text = f"Button {i+1}"
    btn = tk.Button(frame, text=btn_text)
    btn.grid(row=i//5, column=i%5)

# Update Scroll Region when Configuring Widgets 
def on_configure(event):

frame.bind('<Configure>', on_configure)


# Copyright PHD


In this solution: – We create a Canvas widget as the container for our button frame. – A vertical Scrollbar is added and linked to the canvas through its y-axis view. – An inner frame within our canvas holds all buttons. – The placement of buttons in rows and columns can be adjusted based on design requirements. – The <Configure> event of the inner frame is bound so that changes in widget layout trigger adjustments in the scroll region.

This implementation guarantees visibility of all buttons within the given screen space while enabling scrolling functionality when necessary.

    How can I adjust the number of columns/rows for my buttons?

    You can modify parameters in the btn.grid(row=i//5, column=i%5) line where ‘row’ and ‘column’ values determine button placement grid size.

    Can I customize my scrollbar’s appearance?

    Yes! You can customize color schemes or dimensions by passing arguments during Scrollbar creation like: tk.Scrollbar(root, command=canvas.yview,bg=’black’,width=20)

    Is Canvas mandatory for incorporating scrollbars?

    No. While Canvas offers versatile options for creating scrollable frames in Tkinter applications,it’s not mandatory if you have only few widgets/buttons; you could directly place them inside root window managing their visibility manually.

    How do I ensure newly added buttons become part of scrollable area automatically?

    By using functions like on_configure() shown above which dynamically updates scroll regions based on changes within your container/frame holding these elements.

    Are there limitations on handling widgets/buttons using this approach?

    Tkinter has some limitations based on system memory/resources but generally handling several hundred widgets should not be problematic; beyond which optimizations like lazy loading may be required.


    Enhancing user experience by ensuring accessibility regardless of screen size constraints is crucial while working with Python GUI applications. Implementing scrollbars in Tkinter windows containing multiple widgets such as buttons improves usability significantly. By following these steps and mastering canvas configurations alongside efficient scrollbar integration techniques, you can elevate your Python GUI development skills.

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