How to Pass Multiple Command Line Arguments to a Pytest Fixture

What will you learn?

In this comprehensive guide, you will learn how to pass multiple command line arguments to a pytest fixture. This skill is crucial for customizing test behaviors based on external parameters, enhancing the flexibility and reusability of your test suite.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

Dive into the world of pytest fixtures and discover how to dynamically control their behavior using command-line arguments. This technique empowers you to create more versatile and comprehensive testing scenarios tailored to your specific needs.

Understanding the Problem and Solution

When writing tests, it’s common to encounter situations where adapting fixtures based on different inputs would be beneficial. For instance, connecting to various databases or working with different configurations without altering the test code itself. By leveraging Pytest’s powerful fixtures mechanism in conjunction with command-line arguments, we can address this need effectively.

To tackle this challenge, we will utilize Pytest’s hook functions and fixtures along with Python’s argument parsing library, argparse. By creating custom command-line arguments that can be passed when invoking pytest from the terminal, we can capture these values within our fixture setup. This enables each test to seamlessly utilize dynamic inputs provided through the command line.



import pytest
import argparse

def pytest_addoption(parser):
    parser.addoption("--arg1", action="store")
    parser.addoption("--arg2", action="store")

def my_fixture(request):
    arg1 = request.config.getoption("--arg1")
    arg2 = request.config.getoption("--arg2")
    return arg1, arg2

# Copyright PHD


The solution comprises two key components:

  • pytest_addoption: A pytest hook function enabling the addition of custom command-line options.
  • my_fixture: A fixture that retrieves the values of these custom options for use in tests.

Begin by defining custom options (–arg1 and –arg2) in the pytest_addoption hook within a file named This file serves as a shared location for fixture definitions and hooks in pytest.

When executing tests, provide these arguments as follows:

pytest --arg1=value1 --arg2=value2 

# Copyright PHD

During execution, any test utilizing the my_fixture will have access to value1 and value2, obtained from the command line via Pytest’s configuration management system.

  1. How do I run a single test with these parameters?

  2. To run a single test with parameters:

  3. pytest path/to/ --arg1=value1 --arg2=value2 
  4. # Copyright PHD
  5. Can I use more than two arguments?

  6. Yes! Simply define additional options in pytest_addoption.

  7. What if an argument is not provided?

  8. Handle default values or exceptions within your fixtures as required.

  9. Is it possible to type-cast arguments?

  10. Certainly! Utilize appropriate casting functions (e.g., int(), float()) when retrieving them in your fixture.

  11. Can I use this approach for non-string types?

  12. Absolutely! Ensure correct type conversion as mentioned earlier.

  13. Do all tests need these parameters?

  14. No, only tests explicitly utilizing such fixtures will require them; others remain unaffected.

  15. Can I combine this approach with other plugins like pytest-django?

  16. Indeed! It seamlessly integrates with most plugins, enhancing functionality without conflicts.


By mastering the art of passing multiple command line arguments into a Pytest fixture, you unlock endless possibilities for parameterized testing scenarios without hardcoding specifics into your test suite. This technique empowers you to conduct complex testing operations efficiently and effectively while maintaining flexibility and adaptability.

Leave a Comment