How to Rearrange Columns in Python DataFrame?

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will master the art of rearranging the order of two pairs of columns in a Pandas DataFrame. By leveraging the power of Pandas library in Python, you will be able to efficiently manipulate column orders to suit your specific requirements.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When dealing with data analysis or presentation tasks, reorganizing columns is a common necessity. In this scenario, we are faced with the task of rearranging two pairs of columns within a DataFrame while specifying their desired order. The solution lies in utilizing Pandas functions that offer seamless manipulation of column positions within DataFrames.

By understanding and implementing these techniques, you gain the ability to tailor column orders according to your analytical needs or presentation preferences, thereby enhancing the overall structure and readability of your data.


# Importing necessary library
import pandas as pd

# Sample DataFrame creation
data = {
    'A': [1, 2, 3],
    'B': [4, 5, 6],
    'C': [7, 8, 9],
    'D': [10, 11 ,12]

df = pd.DataFrame(data)

# Rearranging two pairs of columns (A,B) and (C,D) into new order (C,D,A,B)
df = df[['C', 'D', 'A', 'B']]

# Displaying the updated DataFrame

# Copyright PHD


In the provided code snippet: – We create a sample DataFrame df with four columns labeled A, B, C & D. – To reorder columns from AB/CD pattern to CDAB sequence, we directly assign a list containing column names in the desired new order ([‘C’, ‘D’, ‘A’, ‘B’]) back to df. – The output showcases the successful modification of our DataFrame with reordered columns.

    How can I rearrange multiple pairs of columns simultaneously?

    You can rearrange multiple pairs by providing an extended list containing all required column names in your preferred new order within one assignment operation: df = df[[‘new_col1_order’, … ,’new_colN_order’]].

    Can I modify only specific rows based on certain conditions during this process?

    Yes! You can use conditional indexing techniques along with column reordering operations for targeted row modifications based on specified conditions.

    Is it possible to rename individual or multiple columns during reordering?

    Absolutely! While reshuffling your dataframe structure, you have the flexibility to rename existing or newly positioned columns using appropriate renaming methods offered by Pandas.

    Will this method alter my original dataset permanently?

    No. Unless explicitly assigned back or saved elsewhere, any changes made are temporary for that session without affecting the original dataset integrity.

    What if some specified column names do not exist in my dataframe for reordering purposes?

    Ensure accurate naming conventions before proceeding; attempting reordering using non-existent column names may lead to KeyError exceptions due to absence errors.

    Are there alternative ways besides direct index listing for achieving similar results?

    Explore advanced functions like .reindex(), .loc[], or .iloc[] offering diverse mechanisms facilitating dynamic selection and restructuring capabilities tailored for complex datasets manipulation tasks elegantly.


    In conclusion… Delve deeper into organizing data beyond what was covered above to enhance your data manipulation skills further.


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