How to Rotate Objects in Ursina Around a Consistent Axis

What will you learn?

In this comprehensive guide, you will delve into the world of rotating objects in Ursina around a consistent axis. By exploring Euler angles, quaternions, and practical implementation techniques, you will master the art of smooth and precise object rotations in 3D space.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

Navigating the realm of 3D transformations within Ursina often presents challenges, especially when aiming to rotate objects consistently around a specific axis. Without a solid grasp of concepts like Euler angles and quaternions, achieving seamless and predictable rotations can be daunting. However, by harnessing these fundamental principles, you can elevate your Ursina projects with dynamic and controlled object rotations.


from ursina import *
app = Ursina()

# Create a cube entity
cube = Entity(model='cube',

# Function to update rotation each frame
def update():
    cube.rotation_y += 1

# Run the app

# Copyright PHD


To rotate objects around a consistent axis in Ursina, manipulation of rotation_x, rotation_y, or rotation_z properties is key. By incrementing these values within the update() function, continuous rotation effects are achieved. For more intricate rotations or precise control, understanding Euler angles or quaternions is essential. These mathematical representations allow defining rotations with respect to specific axes for enhanced flexibility and accuracy in object manipulation.

Euler Angles vs Quaternions

Euler Angles Quaternions
Represent rotations through three separate angles Provide a single mathematical entity for orientation
Susceptible to gimbal lock and order-dependent results No gimbal lock issues; smoother interpolation between rotations
Intuitive but prone to complexities with consecutive rotations Ideal for chaining multiple rotations or interpolating smoothly

By incorporating these concepts into your Ursina projects, you can achieve reliable object rotations while sidestepping common pitfalls associated with simpler rotation mechanisms.

    1. How do I rotate an object around a specific point rather than its center? To rotate an object around a specific point other than its center in Ursina, create an empty parent entity at that desired point and rotate your object relative to it.

    2. Can I apply multiple simultaneous rotations on an object? Yes, combine individual rotation components (X,Y,Z) sequentially or simultaneously based on your requirements for multiple simultaneous rotations.

    3. What is Gimbal Lock? Gimbal lock limits degrees of freedom due to overlapping rotational axes; commonly encountered when using Euler angles.

    4. How do Quaternions address Gimbal Lock problem? Quaternions represent orientation as a single entity without gimbal lock issues found in Euler angles; ideal for maintaining consistency.

    5. Can I animate my object’s rotation smoothly using built-in functions? Utilize functions like animate() in Ursina for smooth transitions including rotational changes over time.

    6. Is there any performance impact when continuously updating an object’s rotation each frame? Continuous updates involving rotational transformations per frame might impact performance depending on complexity; efficient algorithms can minimize slowdowns.

    7. Can I set custom pivot points for rotating objects dynamically during runtime? Adjust the position of an empty parent entity acting as the pivot before applying rotational transformations relative to this new reference point dynamically during runtime.

    8. Are there predefined methods available within the Ursine library specifically designed for handling complex 3D transformations efficiently? Ursine offers utility functions tailored towards simplifying complex 3D transformation tasks including advanced matrix operations suitable for intricate manipulations involving scale factors along arbitrary axes or quaternion-based orientation adjustments.


Mastering the art of rotating objects around consistent axes unlocks endless possibilities in creating immersive visual experiences within your Python game development journey using Ursina library. Whether crafting simple animations or intricate spatial arrangements demanding precise orientation control, grasping fundamental concepts like Euler angles and quaternions empowers you as a developer exploring captivating virtual environments.

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