How to Use Playwright for Web Scraping and Create an API with FastAPI in Python

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to harness the power of Playwright for web scraping and leverage FastAPI to build APIs in Python.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When developers face the challenge of web scraping, they often struggle with efficiently handling dynamic content. By utilizing Playwright, a robust tool for browser automation, we can effectively scrape data from websites that require JavaScript rendering. Moreover, integrating FastAPI allows us to swiftly create APIs to serve the scraped data.

This tutorial delves into combining Playwright’s capabilities with FastAPI to streamline web scraping processes and simplify API creation in Python.


# Import necessary libraries
from fastapi import FastAPI
from playwright.sync_api import sync_playwright

# Initialize FastAPI app
app = FastAPI()

# Define endpoint for web scraping using Playwright and returning data as API response
async def scrape_website():
    with sync_playwright() as p:
        browser = p.chromium.launch()
        page = browser.new_page()
        await page.goto("")
        # Add your scraping logic here

        # Close the browser after scraping is done
        await browser.close()

# Run the FastAPI app on localhost:8000 by executing 'uvicorn filename:app --reload' command in terminal

# Copyright PHD


  • Playwright: High-level API for automating browsers.
  • FastAPI: Framework for quick API development.
  • sync_playwright: Function initializes Playright synchronously.
  • FastAPI app setup: Defines a /scrape endpoint for web scraping using Playright within an asynchronous function.
    How does Playwright differ from other web-scraping tools?

    Playwright offers similar automation capabilities as Selenium but is faster due to its single process architecture.

    Can I run multiple instances of browsers concurrently using Playwright?

    Yes, multiple instances of browsers can be run concurrently through separate contexts within a single instance of Playwright.

    Is it possible to deploy my FastAPI application on cloud platforms?

    Yes, you can deploy your FastAPI application on various cloud platforms such as Heroku or AWS Elastic Beanstalk.

    How do I handle authentication while performing web scraping?

    Authentication can be handled by passing credentials through HTTP headers or cookies when making requests during web scraping.

    Can I schedule periodic scrapes using this setup?

    Periodic scrapes can be scheduled by integrating tools like Celery or utilizing cron jobs in conjunction with your FastAPI application.


    Combining Playwright for robust web scraping capabilities with FastAPI for rapid API development yields an efficient solution. By mastering these concepts outlined in this guide, you are well-prepared to tackle intricate scenarios involving dynamic content extraction from websites. For additional support and resources on Python development topics like this one, visit PythonHelpDesk.

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