Making Your Tkinter Frame Scrollable with Both Vertical and Horizontal Scrollbars

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a scrollable frame in Tkinter that includes both vertical and horizontal scrollbars. By following the steps outlined here, you will be able to prevent content cutoff issues commonly encountered when working with scrollable frames.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

When working with graphical user interfaces (GUIs) in Python using Tkinter, ensuring that a frame remains fully scrollable along both the vertical and horizontal axes can be challenging. The primary issue arises from correctly configuring the canvas and scrollbars to function seamlessly together.

To address this challenge, we have devised a solution that involves setting up a Canvas widget as the container for the frame. By incorporating vertical and horizontal scrollbars that adjust according to the canvas’s scrolling region, we can guarantee that all content within the frame remains accessible regardless of its size relative to the window.


Here is the code snippet that demonstrates how to implement a scrollable frame with both vertical and horizontal scrollbars in Tkinter:

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

def create_scrollable_frame(root):
    # Create a Canvas
    canvas = tk.Canvas(root)
    canvas.pack(side=tk.LEFT, fill=tk.BOTH, expand=True)

    # Add Scrollbars
    scrollbar_y = ttk.Scrollbar(root, orient="vertical", command=canvas.yview)
    scrollbar_y.pack(side=tk.RIGHT, fill='y')

    scrollbar_x = ttk.Scrollbar(root, orient="horizontal", command=canvas.xview)
    scrollbar_x.pack(side=tk.BOTTOM, fill='x')


    # Configure scrolling region
    canvas.bind("<Configure>", lambda e: canvas.configure(scrollregion=canvas.bbox("all")))

    # Create Frame inside Canvas
    frame = tk.Frame(canvas)
    canvas.create_window((0, 0), window=frame, anchor="nw")

    return frame 

root = tk.Tk()
root.title("Scrollable Frame Example")
frame = create_scrollable_frame(root)

# Add widgets in 'frame' as needed here...


# Copyright PHD


Let’s delve into how this code operates:

  • Canvas Setup: Initiates by creating a Canvas widget serving as the primary container.
  • Scrollbar Integration: Establishes two Scrollbar widgets�one for each axis�linked to the Canvas‘ scrolling commands.
  • Dynamic Scrolling Region: Crucially adjusts the Canvas‘s scrolling region (scrollregion) based on its contents dynamically.
  • Frame Inside Canvas: Embeds an actual Frame within our Canvas, housing all GUI elements necessitating scrolling capabilities.

This setup ensures seamless accessibility to all content within your frame without encountering cutoff problems.

  1. How do I add widgets inside my scrollable frame?

  2. To include widgets within your scrollable frame (frame), treat it like any standard Tkinter Frame by utilizing methods such as .pack(), .grid(), or .place() on your widgets while attaching them to frame.

  3. Can I customize scrollbar appearance?

  4. Certainly! You can personalize scrollbar appearance by adjusting attributes during initialization like colors or slider sizes (e.g., using ttk.Scrollbar(…)).

  5. Why use <Configure> event binding?

  6. Binding <Configure> event triggers upon widget size alterations. This binding alongside an update function for scrollregion guarantees dynamic adaptation of our scrolling area.

  7. Is there a distinction between using tk.Scrollbar and ttk.Scrollbar?

  8. Though functionality aligns mostly between these class variants from distinct libraries (tkinter.ttk offering theme support for visual enhancements), opting for one over another primarily influences appearance consistency across GUI elements.

  9. My content still gets cut off at certain sizes; why?

  10. Ensure all child elements within your framed area accurately report their dimensions via configuration options like width/height or leveraging geometry managers (pack, grid). Misreported dimensions may lead to cutoff issues.

  11. How can I make my application responsive across various screen resolutions?

  12. Enhance responsiveness by employing geometry management techniques (pack, grid) alongside dynamic layout adjustments based on screen size queries utilizing root window methods such as .winfo_screenwidth() and .winfo_screenheight().


By equipping frames with both vertical and horizontal scrollbars through proper integration of Canvas & Scrollbars within Tkinter, developers elevate UI usability significantly. This approach ensures seamless accessibility across diverse content volumes without encountering undesirable cutoff scenarios.

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