Python Requests Issue: Unable to Retrieve Pages from the Same Site

What will you learn?

Explore how to effectively resolve the challenge of retrieving pages from the same site using Python requests.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

Encountering difficulties in fetching pages from the same website while utilizing Python’s requests library is a common issue. This can arise due to factors like improper URL structure or server-side limitations. In this guide, we will delve into a solution that tackles this problem by adjusting request headers.

To overcome this hurdle and successfully access other pages within the same site, we need to enhance our request headers with a ‘Referer’ field containing the current page’s URL. By doing so, we furnish servers with essential details to validate our request as genuine and grant access.


import requests

url = ''
headers = {'Referer': ''}
response = requests.get(url, headers=headers)

print(response.text)  # Display retrieved content

# Copyright PHD

(Ensure to substitute ‘’ and ‘’ with your respective URLs)

Explanation: – Construct a headers dictionary with a key-value pair where ‘Referer’ corresponds to the previous page’s URL. – Utilize the get() method to dispatch an HTTP GET request incorporating these customized headers. – Lastly, exhibit the response text exhibiting Page 2’s content.


In this code snippet: – We incorporate a custom header in our request leveraging ‘Referer’. – By furnishing information regarding our prior location within the same site, we can seamlessly navigate additional pages.

    How does setting the ‘Referer’ header aid in retrieving pages from the same site?

    By including a valid referer URL in our request headers, servers can discern where incoming traffic originated and verify if it emanated from within their domain. This helps circumvent certain security measures hindering access between different sections of a website.

    Can alternative headers besides ‘Referer’ be used for accessing restricted pages?

    Indeed, apart from ‘Referer’, experimenting with user-agent strings or cookies may be beneficial based on how sites enforce restrictions. However, for most cases concerning intra-site navigation constraints, updating Referer should suffice.

    Is it permissible/ethical to modify Referers during web scraping activities?

    While altering referers isn’t inherently illegal when harvesting public data on websites lacking explicit prohibitions (always review robots.txt), ethical considerations are vital. Ensure your web scraping endeavors comply with regulations and honor website policies.

    Will integrating Referers function universally for all websites during multi-page retrieval?

    Not universally; certain websites may impose stringent security protocols or employ sophisticated anti-scraping mechanisms capable of detecting and thwarting such endeavors. In such scenarios, additional tactics like session management or rotating proxies might be imperative.

    How can dynamic URLs where referers fluctuate unpredictably be managed?

    For scenarios involving dynamically changing referers based on user interactions or session states within a site (e.g., search outcomes), consider monitoring network traffic via browser developer tools initially. Subsequently, replicate those requests programmatically while retaining pertinent state parameters alongside newly fetched URLs during browsing sessions.

    Can overlooking referers result in errors even when sequentially fetching pages?

    Certainly; neglecting proper referrer inclusion could trigger server-side evaluations for cross-site forgery protection mechanisms leading either to request blockages or provision of disparate responses than anticipated causing potential processing errors while handling retrieved data inaccurately at later stages of your script execution flow.


    In conclusion, ensure adherence to guidelines specified by respective webmasters/owners of target sites, adhere to legalities surrounding web crawling practices, abide by robots.txt directives, provide appropriate attribution for utilized sources during development processes�especially when employing shared resources like libraries, frameworks, plugins�external services third-party integrations APIs credits wherever applicable. Avoid infringing upon intellectual property rights or copyright violations in any form; respect all forms of rights infringements must be avoided.


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