Selecting a Dropdown Value in Python

What will you learn?

In this comprehensive guide, you will learn how to effectively select a dropdown value using Python, specifically focusing on web automation tools like Selenium. By the end of this tutorial, you will be equipped with the knowledge and skills to interact with dropdown menus seamlessly in your web automation projects.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

When automating web tasks with Python, dealing with forms is a common scenario. Selecting values from a dropdown menu can often pose a challenge. This guide delves into the intricacies of selecting dropdown values using Python, with a specific emphasis on leveraging tools like Selenium for web automation.

Dropdown menus in web forms are typically created using the <select> tag in HTML. To efficiently interact with such elements, Selenium offers the Select class, which provides methods for choosing options from dropdowns. The solution involves identifying the dropdown element, creating a Select object from it, and utilizing its methods to select an option.


from selenium import webdriver
from import Select

# Initialize WebDriver
driver = webdriver.Chrome()

# Navigate to webpage with form

# Locate the dropdown element by its name or other attributes
dropdown_element = driver.find_element_by_name("dropdownName")

# Create Select object for the located dropdown element
select = Select(dropdown_element)

# Select option by visible text (You can also use index or value)
select.select_by_visible_text("Option Text")

# Copyright PHD


In our code snippet above: – We import necessary classes such as webdriver from selenium for browser control and Select for interacting with <select> elements. – A new instance of webdriver.Chrome() is created to launch a Chrome browser window (ensure ChromeDriver is installed). – The .get() method takes us to the target webpage containing a form with a dropdown. – We locate the <select> element using .find_element_by_name(). Alternatively, other locating strategies like ID or XPATH can be used based on requirements. – After finding the <select> element, we create a Select object by passing in the located element. – Finally, we use .select_by_visible_text() to choose an option based on its displayed text. Other options include .select_by_index() and .select_by_value().

    1. How do I install Selenium?

      • Run pip install selenium in your command line interface.
    2. What if my dropdown doesn’t use