Streaming Audio Data from HackRF to a Web Server

Streamlining HackRF Audio Data to Your Web Platform

Have you ever pondered on transmitting audio data captured by a HackRF device, using GNU Radio, to a web server? Furthermore, how can clients select specific frequencies they wish to listen in on? If these questions intrigue you, then this guide is the perfect fit for you.

What You Will Learn

In this comprehensive tutorial, we will delve into the process of streaming live audio data from HackRF through GNU Radio and onto a web server. Additionally, we will explore how clients can interact with this stream by selecting their desired frequencies.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

Transmitting audio streams from hardware devices like the HackRF over the internet involves various complexities. Initially, we need GNU Radio to effectively interface with our hardware. GNU Radio is an open-source toolkit that simplifies the assembly of signal processing blocks. By utilizing this tool, we can manipulate radio signals received by our HackRF device.

Once we have processed our audio data appropriately through GNU Radio, our next challenge is setting up a web server capable of handling real-time streaming data. Technologies such as WebSocket or HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) come into play at this stage as they provide efficient methods for delivering continuous data streams over the web. Our approach involves capturing frequency-selected streams using Python scripts and transferring them through these protocols for client access.


# Python script for streaming audio data using WebSocket
# Credits:

import websocket

def on_message(ws, message):

def on_error(ws, error):

def on_close(ws):
    print("### closed ###")

def on_open(ws):
    def run(*args):

if __name__ == "__main__":
    ws = websocket.WebSocketApp("ws://localhost:8000",
    ws.on_open = on_open

# Copyright PHD


The solution blueprint involves several steps:

  1. Install Necessary Software: Ensure both GNU Radio and Python are installed.
  2. Capture Audio Stream: Design a flowgraph using tools like GNU Radio Companion (GRC) to capture FM radio signals.
  3. Process & Pipe Data: Develop a Python script that interfaces with GRC output and filters based on client-requested frequencies.
  4. Stream Over WebSockets: Implement WebSocket in Python for broadcasting live audio data.
  5. Client Interaction: Create a user-friendly front-end allowing users to input desired frequency settings.

FAQs About Streaming With HackRF

  1. Can I use other SDRs apart from HackRF?

    • Yes! The concepts apply broadly across different SDRs compatible with GNU Radio.
  2. Do I need advanced knowledge in signal processing?

    • Basic understanding helps but isn’t strictly necessary due to GNURadio�s graphical interface easing complexity.
  3. Is there an alternative method instead of WebSockets?

    • Certainly! Options like HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) could be adapted though may introduce added latency.
  4. How do I secure my streamed audio?

    • Implement SSL/TLS encryption over your WebSocket connection.
  5. Can multiple users listen simultaneously at different frequencies?

    • Absolutely! By spawning separate processing pipelines per user request on-demand.
  6. What programming languages should I know for this project?

    • Primarily Python due its extensive support libraries especially Flask-SocketIO for WebSockets implementation.


This tutorial has unveiled the seamless process of streaming audio data from a HackRF device via GNU Radio onto a web server while enabling clients to select their preferred frequencies for listening in real-time. By integrating technologies such as WebSocket and HLS, we have bridged the gap between hardware devices and web platforms, offering an innovative experience beyond traditional radio listening.

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