Converting PDF to HTML using pdfminer

What Will You Learn?

In this tutorial, you will master the art of converting PDF files into HTML documents using the powerful pdfminer library in Python. Unlock the potential to extract text and content for web viewing or analysis with ease.

Introduction to Problem and Solution

The process of converting a PDF file into an HTML document is essential for various tasks like extracting information for web display or analysis. Leveraging the pdfminer library in Python, we can seamlessly parse PDF files and transform them into structured HTML formats ready for web consumption.


# Import necessary modules from pdfminer
from pdfminer.high_level import extract_text

# Read the content of the PDF file
with open('example.pdf', 'rb') as file:
    pdf_text = extract_text(file)

# Write the extracted text into an HTML file
with open('output.html', 'w', encoding='utf-8') as output_file:  

# Credits: PythonHelpDesk.com 

# Copyright PHD


To convert a PDF to HTML, we utilize the extract_text() function from pdfminer to read the content of a PDF file. Subsequently, we write this extracted text into an HTML file, enabling us to present PDF information in a structured format compatible with web browsers.

    1. How do I install pdfminer in Python?

      • Installation of pdfminer can be effortlessly achieved using pip:
        pip install pdfminer.six
      • # Copyright PHD
    2. Can I customize how the conversion is done?

      • Yes, you have full control over customization such as formatting and image handling by extending functionality within your code.
    3. Is there any limitation on the size of PDF files that can be converted?

      • While there are no specific limits imposed by pdfminer, large files may consume more memory during processing.
    4. Does pdf2htmlEX provide better results compared to pdfminer for this task?

      • Each tool has its strengths; while pdf2htmlEX excels in visual accuracy, pdfminer offers flexibility in data extraction.
    5. Can I convert scanned documents (image-based) using pdf2htmlEX?

      • For image-based documents, it’s recommended to use OCR techniques before conversion for enhanced accuracy.

The ability to convert PDF documents into HTML formats empowers efficient data access and utilization across diverse platforms. By harnessing tools like pdfminer, you can effectively extract valuable insights stored within PDFs, enhancing accessibility and usability significantly.

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