Creating an Object Accessible by Multiple Methods

What will you learn?

In this comprehensive tutorial, you will delve into the concept of creating a shared object in Python that can be accessed and manipulated by multiple methods within a class. By the end of this guide, you will have a solid understanding of how to effectively manage shared objects in Python classes.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

In the realm of object-oriented programming in Python, there are instances where we encounter the need for an object that can be shared among various methods within a class. To address this requirement, we employ instance variables within the class to facilitate access and manipulation of the shared object.

By establishing an instance variable at the class level, all methods within that class gain access to and can operate on the same object. This approach streamlines state management across different methods without necessitating explicit variable passing.


class SharedObject:
    def __init__(self):
        self.shared_data = None

    def set_data(self, data):
        self.shared_data = data

    def get_data(self):
        return self.shared_data

# Example Usage
obj = SharedObject()
obj.set_data("Hello, World!")

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# Copyright PHD


In the provided code snippet: – We define a SharedObject class with an __init__ method that initializes an instance variable shared_data. – The set_data method assigns a value to shared_data. – The get_data method retrieves the current value of shared_data. – Through an instance of SharedObject, data can be set and retrieved using different methods with the shared object.

  1. How does defining instance variables aid in accessing objects across multiple methods?

  2. Defining instance variables allows each object created from a class to store its unique values. Modifications made to these variables in one method are reflected across other methods as they operate on the same underlying instance.

  3. Can I store different types of data in a shared object?

  4. Yes, Python’s dynamic typing enables storing diverse data types (strings, integers, lists, etc.) in a shared object without specifying its type beforehand.

  5. Is it feasible for different instances of a class to share objects between them?

  6. No, objects defined at the instance level are unique to each individual instance. Sharing objects among all instances or their methods requires utilizing static or class-level attributes.

  7. Are there any constraints when sharing mutable objects like lists or dictionaries?

  8. When sharing mutable objects such as lists or dictionaries among multiple methods within a single instance, modifications will impact all references due to their mutability. Exercise caution when handling mutable shared objects to prevent unintended value alterations.


Mastering the creation and utilization of shared objects among various methods within a Python class is essential for maintaining state and facilitating efficient communication between functions. By strategically leveraging instance variables at appropriate scope levels within classes, you can enhance code readability and minimize redundancy.

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