Correct Method to Call a Helper Function in a Python Class

What will you learn?

Welcome to an in-depth tutorial where you’ll master the art of calling helper functions within a Python class.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

In Python programming, classes often contain helper functions to streamline specific tasks within class methods. However, for beginners, correctly invoking these helper functions can be perplexing. This guide aims to demystify the process by providing step-by-step instructions on how to effectively call a helper function within a Python class.

To address this challenge, it’s crucial to grasp the scope of methods within a class and understand how they are accessed. By adhering to prescribed syntax and conventions, you can ensure seamless invocation of helper functions from within the class.


class MyClass:
    def __init__(self):

    def main_function(self):
        # Call the helper function using self

    def helper_function(self):
        print("This is a helper function")

# Instantiate the class and call the main function
obj = MyClass()

# Output: This is a helper function

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# Copyright PHD


  • When calling a method inside another method of the same class, use self.method_name().
  • The self parameter signifies an instance of the class itself.
  • Through self, access other methods and properties of the same object.
  • Directly calling helper_function() without self would lead to an error as Python wouldn’t locate it.
    How do I define a simple class in Python?

    To define a basic class in Python, utilize the class keyword followed by your chosen classname. For example:

    class MyClass:
        # Class definition here...
    # Copyright PHD

    Can I have multiple objects (instances) of one class?

    Certainly! You can create multiple instances or objects of one class by invoking its constructor multiple times like so:

    obj1 = MyClass()
    obj2 = MyClass()
    # Copyright PHD

    Why is “self” necessary while defining methods inside a Python class?

    The self parameter references the current instance of the object, enabling access to its attributes and methods within other methods.

    Is there an alternative keyword instead of “self” that I can use?

    Technically, you could employ any name instead of “self,” but adherence to python community standards is recommended.

    Can I call one method from another method without using “self”?

    No, when referencing or calling another method within your existing method belonging to the same object – ‘Self’ must always be utilized.

    Do all programming languages necessitate explicit mention like ‘Self’ for such operations as well?

    No. Other languages may not mandate explicit mention like ‘Self’; this varies based on language paradigms & design patterns employed.


    In conclusion, mastering how to correctly invoke helper functions within Python classes is paramount for proficient programming. Adhering to best practices such as utilizing self ensures code organization and readability. Remembering these principles will equip you with skills necessary for handling similar challenges when engaging with object-oriented programming concepts in Python.

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