Troubleshooting FastAPI and MySQL Integration Issues

Resolving Data Persistence Problems in FastAPI with MySQL

In our exploration today, we will delve into a common challenge faced by developers – the issue of data not persisting in a MySQL database when using FastAPI. Together, we will uncover the reasons behind this problem and outline steps to ensure successful data storage.

What Will You Learn?

In this concise guide, you will acquire valuable insights into diagnosing and resolving issues related to data persistence while utilizing FastAPI with a MySQL database. This knowledge will significantly enhance your skills in backend development.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When integrating FastAPI with MySQL, developers may encounter scenarios where data that should be saved into the database appears to vanish or does not persist as expected. This can result from various factors such as incorrect configuration settings, mishandling of asynchronous calls, or overlooking transaction commits in the codebase.

To effectively resolve these issues, a comprehensive approach is necessary. This includes verifying database connection settings, ensuring proper configuration of the Object Relational Mapper (ORM) for transactions, and utilizing FastAPI’s asynchronous features correctly. By meticulously examining and adjusting these areas within the codebase, reliable data persistence between FastAPI applications and MySQL databases can be achieved.


from fastapi import FastAPI
from sqlalchemy.ext.asyncio import AsyncSession, create_async_engine
from sqlalchemy.orm import sessionmaker
import models  # assuming you have a file with SQLAlchemy ORM models defined

DATABASE_URL = "mysql+aiomysql://user:password@localhost/dbname"

engine = create_async_engine(DATABASE_URL)
SessionLocal = sessionmaker(autocommit=False,

app = FastAPI()

async def get_db_session():
    async with SessionLocal() as session:
        yield session"/items/")
async def create_item(item: ItemSchema, db: Session = Depends(get_db_session)):
    db_item = models.Item(**item.dict())
    await db.commit()
    return {"id":}

# Copyright PHD


The provided solution demonstrates how to establish an asynchronous interaction between FastAPI and a MySQL database using SQLAlchemy’s AsyncSession for improved performance. Here is a breakdown of each component:

  • create_async_engine: Creates an asynchronous engine bound to the specified DATABASE_URL, utilizing aiomysql as the asyncio-compatible driver.
  • SessionLocal: Defines a factory for generating instances of AsyncSession, which manage transactions asynchronously.
  • get_db_session(): A dependency function that yields an async session object used in route handlers.
  • FastAPI route (create_item): An example POST endpoint showcasing the utilization of the provided async session (db) from the get_db_session() dependency. It asynchronously creates an item in the database by adding it through db.add(db_item) followed by an awaitable call to db.commit() to ensure persistent changes.

This setup ensures that all database operations are executed asynchronously, enabling non-blocking I/O operations crucial for achieving high performance in web applications developed using modern frameworks like FastAPI.

  1. How do I configure my SQL Alchemy models for Async usage?

  2. Ensure that all interactions within your model align with asyncio programming paradigms. This includes using SQLAlchemy’s async API methods like .execute() or .scalar() for queries.

  3. What if my changes still don�t persist?

  4. Double-check your transaction management process; make sure to commit after making modifications. Additionally, verify your connection strings and user permissions in your DBMS.

  5. Can I use regular synchronous SQLAlchemy sessions instead?

  6. While feasible for simpler applications not requiring high concurrency levels or real-time updates, asynchronous sessions offer superior scalability and efficiency under load due to their non-blocking nature and ability to handle more requests concurrently without additional hardware resources.

  7. How do I handle exceptions during DB operations?

  8. Wrap operations within try-except blocks to capture specific exceptions such as IntegrityError or OperationalError. Provide error-handling logic such as rollback operations when necessary to prevent inconsistent states within DB transactions resulting from errors encountered during execution phases involving DB manipulations.

  9. Is there anything specific about configuring AIOMySQL?

  10. Ensure compatibility between AIOMySQL versions and other components�especially concerning Python versions being utilized since certain functionalities may depend on newer language features introduced in recent Python releases or third-party library dependencies used in your project.


In conclusion, mastering the integration between FastAPI and MySQL is essential for seamless data persistence in web applications. By understanding common pitfalls such as misconfigurations or improper handling of transactions, developers can ensure reliable storage of information. Embracing best practices like utilizing asynchronous sessions enhances performance and scalability. With this knowledge at hand, you are well-equipped to tackle any challenges that may arise when working with FastAPI and MySQL databases.

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