What is ignored_types in Pydantic Model Config?

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will delve into the ignored_types attribute within Pydantic’s Model Config. You’ll discover its significance and how it can be used to enhance data validation in Python.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

Pydantic, a powerful data validation library for Python, offers a versatile Model Config class that empowers developers with various configuration options for their models. One such feature is the ignored_types attribute, which allows you to specify types that should be disregarded during model creation and parsing.

When dealing with scenarios where certain fields need to be excluded from type checking or serialization, the ignored_types attribute comes to the rescue. By understanding and utilizing this attribute effectively, you can streamline your data validation process and tailor it to meet specific project requirements.


from pydantic import BaseModel

class User(BaseModel):
    name: str
    age: int

    class Config:
        ignored_types = {str}  # Ignore string type during model creation

# Usage example
user_data = {
    'name': 'Alice',
    'age': '30'

user = User(**user_data)

# Copyright PHD

Code provided by PythonHelpDesk.com


The provided code snippet showcases a User model defined using Pydantic. By setting ignored_types, specifically {str}, within the Config class of the model, we instruct Pydantic to overlook string types during model initialization. This ensures smooth parsing even when encountering mismatched data types.

By leveraging the ignored_types attribute, developers gain control over which types are exempted from validation processes. This flexibility enhances error handling capabilities and simplifies data manipulation tasks.

    1. How does ignored_types differ from using validators directly on fields?

      • Using validators on fields enables custom validation logic per field, while ignored_types applies globally across all fields.
    2. Can I ignore multiple types with ignored_types?

      • Yes, you can specify multiple types within {} as demonstrated in the code snippet.
    3. Will setting ignored_types affect all instances of a particular model?

      • Indeed, any instances created based on that model configuration will adhere to the specified type exclusions.
    4. Is it possible to dynamically change ignored types at runtime?

      • No, once defined in Model Config, ignored types remain static for all instances.
    5. Does ignoring a type impact serialized output as well?

      • Absolutely! Ignored types are omitted from serialization results too.
    6. Can I override an ignored type setting for specific cases?

      • While direct overrides aren’t supported, creating separate models with distinct configurations can achieve similar outcomes.

Mastering features like ignored_types in Pydantic’s Model Config grants developers precise control over data validation procedures. By harnessing this functionality effectively, you can customize your models’ behavior according to specific needs while elevating code maintainability and readability.

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