Pandas Styler: Applying Styles to HTML Tables

What will you learn?

In this tutorial, you will learn how to enhance the visual presentation of your data by applying custom styles to HTML tables generated from Pandas DataFrames using the set_table_styles method.

Introduction to the Problem and Solution

When working with Pandas DataFrames and attempting to style an HTML table using the set_table_styles method, it can be frustrating if the styles do not appear as expected. However, understanding how this method interacts with HTML table tags is crucial for troubleshooting and ensuring successful styling application.

To address this issue effectively, we will explore the functionality of the set_table_styles method in Pandas and its integration with CSS-like styling rules for HTML tables. By gaining insights into these concepts, we can identify potential reasons for styling discrepancies and implement appropriate solutions.


# Import necessary libraries
import pandas as pd

# Create a sample DataFrame
data = {'A': [1, 2, 3], 'B': [4, 5, 6]}
df = pd.DataFrame(data)

# Apply styling using set_table_styles method
styles = [
        'selector': 'table',
        'props': [('color', 'red'), ('font-size', '20px')]

styled_df =

# Copyright PHD


The provided code snippet illustrates how to create a DataFrame in Pandas and customize its appearance by applying styles through the set_table_styles method. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Importing Pandas library as pd.
  • Creating a sample DataFrame named df with some data.
  • Defining a list of dictionaries (styles) representing specific style rules.
  • Targeting <table> elements within the output for styling.
  • Setting properties such as text color (‘color’: ‘red’) and font size (‘font-size’: ’20px’).

By utilizing .style.set_table_styles() on our DataFrame (df), we can transform our data into visually appealing HTML representations.

    Why are my table styles not being applied?

    Check for syntax errors in your CSS properties or selectors. Ensure correct syntax alignment in your styling rules.

    Can I apply different styles based on conditions in my DataFrame?

    Yes! Utilize conditional formatting techniques like .applymap() or .apply() along with CSS classes for dynamic styling based on DataFrame conditions.

    How do I add borders around cells in my table?

    Define border properties within your style rules like:

        'selector': '',
        'props': [('border', '1px solid black')]
    # Copyright PHD

    Is there a limit to the number of style rules I can apply?

    While there’s no strict limit imposed by Pandas, complex style rules may impact rendering performance for large DataFrames.

    Can I export styled tables directly as PDFs or images?

    Although Pandas doesn’t support direct export of styled tables as PDFs or images, consider libraries like Matplotlib or ReportLab for creating visual representations from styled DataFrames.

    How do I remove default cell padding from my table?

    Reset default padding values within stylesheet rules:

        'selector': '',
        'props': [('padding', '0')]
    # Copyright PHD

    Can I customize font styles like weight or family for cell text?

    Absolutely! Include properties such as ‘font-weight’, ‘font-family’, etc., within selector definitions for customizing text appearance inside cells.

    Does setting background colors work similarly to changing text colors?

    Yes! Define property-value pairs like ‘background-color’:’yellow’ within suitable selectors to alter background hues of specific elements in your output.

    How do I center align content inside cells horizontally or vertically?

    Utilize CSS properties like ‘text-align’:’center’, ‘vertical-align’:’middle’, etc., targeted at relevant selectors in your custom style definitions.


    Mastering Pandas Styler capabilities combined with CSS-like styling empowers you to create visually appealing tabular data representations. By implementing these techniques effectively, you can tailor visualizations according to your specific requirements.

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